School of Foreign Service Georgetown University
 

Adjunct Faculty

Gerald W. Abbott is Director Emeritus of the Industry Studies Program at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces (ICAF), National Defense University, where he served in the position of Director from 1988 until 2005. After 30 years of service, Dr. Abbott retired from the U.S. Navy as a Captain in 1991. His military career included various assignments, including Director of Supply Policy and Financial Systems at the Naval Air Systems Command and Fleet Support Director at the Naval Supply Systems Command. His publications include book chapters and monographs. Dr. Abbott is Editor of the annual ICAF book, In Touch with Industry, which examines the ability of U.S. industry to support U.S. national security within a global market context.
 

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Joseph Andrews specializes in state-building and political transition, post-conflict reconstruction, peacekeeping and humanitarian interventions. From 2004-2006, Mr. Andrews managed programs in Sudan, Somalia and the African Horn for the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs in Washington, D.C. Previously, he served with the UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, directing the mission's humanitarian activities in the country's volatile North Kivu region; in the Department of Peacekeeping Operations in New York as a political affairs officer advising on the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources in the DRC; as a special advisor to both the deputy representative of the Secretary-General and Foreign Minister of the UN Transitional Administration in East Timor; and as a political advisor for the US Permanent Mission to the UN.
 

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Stephen P. Aubin  is the director of marketing and strategy in business development for the Missile Defense Systems Division of The Boeing Company. Previously, he served as the director of external affairs for the Space-Based Laser Integrated Flight Experiment Program, a joint venture of Boeing, Lockheed Martin and TRW. Dr. Aubin has also been the director of policy and communications for the Air Force Association, research fellow and deputy director of Boston University's Center for Defense Journalism and managing editor of its newsletter, Defense Media Review, managing editor of Airpower History, associate editor and contributing editor of Strategic Review, and editor of Military Intelligence magazine. He is the author of Distorting Defense: Network News and National Security.
 

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Nora Bensahel is currently a Senior Political Scientist at the RAND Corporation, specializing in military strategy and doctrine. Prior to this position, Dr. Benshael served as a Research Assistant for former Secretary of Defense William J. Perry. She has held fellowships at the Center for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University, and the John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies at Harvard University. Her recent work has examined stability operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, post-conflict reconstruction, military coalitions, and multilateral intervention. Her recent publications include Aid During Conflict: Interaction Between Military and Civilian Assistance Providers in Afghanistan, and The Future Security Environment in the Middle East.
 

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Bruce Berkowitz - Bio coming soon.

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David Berteau - Bio coming soon.

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Avis Bohlen retired from the U.S. government after 30 years of service, including 25 years as a career Foreign Service Officer with the U.S. Department of State. Recently, she was a Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Ms. Bohlen served as Assistant Secretary for Arms Control (1999-2002), Ambassador to Bulgaria (1996-1999), and Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Paris (1991-1995). Previously, she had assignments in the State Department's Bureau of European Affairs, including an appointment as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Europe in charge of security issues. She also worked on the Secretary's Policy Planning Staff. Before joining the Foreign Service in 1979, Ms. Bohlen worked for the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. She is the author, most recently, of an article on "The Rise and Fall of Arms Control" published in the September 2003 issue of Survival.
 

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James B. Bruce is currently a Senior Political Scientist at the RAND Corporation. From 1982 until 2005, Dr. Bruce held various positions within the Central Intelligence Agency, including most recently contributing to the Commission on U.S Intelligence Capabilities Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction and holding the position of Vice Chairman of the DCI Foreign Denial and Deception Committee in the National Intelligence Council (NIC). A Navy veteran and member of the Senior Intelligence Service, Dr. Bruce was formerly Professor of National Security Policy at the National War College, and has taught at Kent State and Marshall University. Dr. Bruce has published numerous articles and papers, including a forthcoming article in Defense Intelligence Journal and a piece in the recent publication Intelligence and the National Security Strategist.
 

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Jasen Castillo is an Associate Political Scientist at the RAND Corporation, where his research focuses on weapons proliferation and security cooperation. Before joining RAND, he was a Consultant at the Institute for Defense Analyses, working on military readiness and models of urban conflict. Dr. Castillo has received research support from the National Science Foundation and the Smith Richardson Foundation. His doctoral dissertation examined the reasons why armies differ in their staying power. Currently, Dr. Castillo is undertaking two research projects: one on the domestic and organizational sources of an army's will to fight, and another on the conditions under which deterrent threats might fail to dissuade rogues states from transferring nuclear weapons to terrorists.
 

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Derek Chollet is a Fellow in the International Security Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He is also a Nonresident Fellow in the Global Economy and Development Center at the Brookings Institution and a Senior Advisor at the Center for Promise and Opportunity. Previously, he was Foreign Policy Advisor to Senator John Edwards. Mr. Chollet has served as a Bosch Public Policy Fellow at the American Academy in Berlin and a Research Assoicate and Visiting Scholar at the Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies, George Washington University. He has published numerous articles and is the author of The Road to the Dayton Accords: A Study of American Statecraft.
 

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Joseph J. Collins joined the National War College faculty in 2004 as Professor of National Security Strategy. Prior to this assignment, Dr. Collins served for three years as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Stability Operations, the Pentagon's senior civilian official for peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance, and stabilization and reconstruction operations. From 1998-2001, he was a Senior Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, where he did research on economic sanctions, military culture, and national security policy. In 1998, Dr. Collins retired from the U. S. Army as a Colonel after nearly 28 years of military service. His Army years were equally divided among infantry and armor assignments in the United States, South Korea, and Germany; teaching at West Point in the Department of Social Sciences; and a series of assignments in the Pentagon. His Washington assignments included: Army Staff Officer for NATO and Warsaw Pact strategic issues, Special Assistant to the Chief of Staff of the Army, Military Assistant to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy during Operation Desert Storm, and Special Assistant and Chief Speechwriter to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Dr. Collins has also taught as adjunct faculty in the graduate divisions of Columbia University and Georgetown universities. Dr. Collins is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and holds a doctorate in Political Science from Columbia University. He is also a graduate of the Army's Command and General Staff College and the National War College. His many publications include books and articles on the Soviet war in Afghanistan, Operation Desert Storm, contemporary U.S. military culture, defense transformation, and homeland defense.
 

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Patrick Cronin is senior vice president and director of studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Dr. Cronin is also Executive Director of the Hills Program on Governance. Previously, he served as assistant administrator for policy and program coordination at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). At USAID, he was responsible for developing and coordinating policy with the interagency and international community, as well as managing the agency's multibillion-dollar budget. Prior to that, Dr. Cronin served as director of research and studies at the U.S. Institute of Peace, and from 1990 until 1997, he held various positions at the National Defense University's Institute for National Strategic Studies. Upon his departure, he received the U.S. Army's Civilian Meritorious Service Award. He was a commissioned officer in the U.S. Naval Reserve from 1987 until 2000. Dr. Cronin's recent publications include The United States and Coercive Diplomacy and The U.S.-Japan Alliance: Past, Present and Future.

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Catharin Dalpino is an adjunct faculty member in the Asian Studies Program in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service. She also teaches at George Washington University and is Director of the Stanley Foundation's multi-year project on Southeast Asia in the 21st Century. Previously, Ms. Dalpino was a Fellow in the Foreign Policy Studies Program of the Brookings Institution. She served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Democracy in the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State. Ms. Dalpino has been a Career Officer at the Asia Foundation. She has also conducted research at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the World Bank. Ms. Dalpino is the author of numerous works on U.S. Asian relations, including two books: Anchoring Third Wave Democracies: Problems and Prospects for U.S. Policy and Deferring Democracy: Promoting Openness in Authoritarian Regimes and she is co-editor (with David Steinberg) of the Georgetown Southeast Asia Survey. Ms. Dalpino is currently working on a book on U.S. policy in Southeast Asia after September 11.
 

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Michael Dennis  joins us from the Department of History and Sociology of Science at University of Pennsylvania. Previously, he has taught for the Department of Science and Technology Studies at Virginia Tech. Dr. Dennis has also held the position of Visiting Assistant Professor at Johns Hopkins University and Assistant Professor at Cornell University. His publications include journal articles and book chapters. His most recent publication is A Change of State: Political Culture, Technical Practice and the Origins of Cold War America.
 

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Dieter Dettke has been Executive Director of the Washington Office of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation since 1985. Prior to coming to Washington, he served as political counselor of the SPD Parliamentary Group of the German Bundestag (1974-84). As a specialist in foreign and security policy, Dr. Dettke has published widely on security issues, East-West relations, and U.S. foreign and domestic policy. He is the author of Allianz im Wandel, a book about European-American relations in the Nixon-Kissinger era. Dr. Dettke is also General Editor of International Political Currents, a Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung series published in Washington.
 

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Michael Dziedzicis a Senior Program Officer in the Center for Postconflict Peace and Stability Operations at the United States Institute of Peace. A retired United States Air Force (USAF) colonel, Dr. Dziedzic served as a senior military fellow at the Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, where he focused on peace operations, Latin American regional security affairs, and transnational security threats. During his 30 years with the Air Force, he served in a variety of capacities, including professor of national security studies at the National War College, and strategic military planner for the United Nations Mission in Kosovo. His recent publications include: The Quest for Viable Peace: International Intervention and Strategies for Conflict Transformation and Policing the New World Disorder: Peace Operations and Public Safety.
 

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Gerald Epstein is Senior Fellow for Science and Security in the CSIS Homeland Security Program. Previously, he worked with the Institute for Defense Analyses, on assignment to the Defense Threat Reduction Agency's Advanced Systems and Concepts Office. Dr. Epstein has served with the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, most recently as Assistant Director for National Security with a joint appointment as Senior Director for Science and Technology on the National Security Council staff. His most recent articles include “Global Evolution of Dual-Use Biotechnology: A Report of the Project on Technology Futures and Global Power, Wealth, and Conflict” and “Better Rules for Biotech Research

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Charles D. Ferguson is a Science and Technology Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. Previously, he worked as Scientist-in-Residence in the Washington, D.C., office of the Monterey Institute’s Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) where he co-directed a project that assessed how to prevent and respond to nuclear and radiological terrorism. Dr. Ferguson has served as a Foreign Affairs Officer in the Bureau of Nonproliferation at the Department of State. He has also worked on nuclear proliferation and arms control issues as a Senior Research Analyst and Director of the Nuclear Policy Project at the Federation of American Scientists. Dr. Ferguson served as an officer on a fleet ballistic missile submarine and studied nuclear engineering at the Naval Nuclear Power School. He is the co-author of The Four Faces of Nuclear Terrorism.
 

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Bernard Finel is Professor of Military Strategy and Operations at the U.S. National War College. He was Executive Director of the Security Studies Program and the Center for Peace and Security Studies at Georgetown University from 2002 to 2004 and Associate Director of the SSP from 1997 to 2001 as well as a member of the core faculty of the program from 1997 to 2004. Dr. Finel's research focuses on use of force issues, weapons proliferation, international transparency, and international relations theory. Dr. Finel served on the governing council of the International Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association from 1999 to 2002, and is a Term Member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (London). Dr. Finel's work has been published in numerous journals, including Aerospace Power Journal, International Studies Quarterly, Security Studies, and International Security. He is co-editor and co-author of Power and Conflict in the Age of Transparency and Ultimate Security: Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction. He is currently working on a book on America's use of force in the modern world.
 

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John Gannon  is currently the Vice President and Senior General Manager for Global Analysis at BAE Systems. Prior to this, he held a variety of positions in both the private and the public sectors, including Staff Director of the US House of Representatives Select Committee on Homeland Security and Vice Chairman of the Intellibridge Corporation. In total, Dr. Gannon served 24 years at the CIA, where he attained senior analytic positions. He served as a Naval Officer in South East Asia on active duty from 1967-70 and later in the Naval Reserve as an instructor of navigation at Navy OCS in Newport, Rhode Island. His publications include the articles The Strategic Use of Open Source Information and Intelligence Community Reform: Let Form Follow Function.

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Roger George has been a career intelligence analyst at the CIA for 25 years and is a member in the Senior Analytic Service (SAS). He has recently joined the Sherman Kent Center, which is part of the CIA University's Sherman Kent School for Intelligence Analysis. He served as a Policy Planning Staff member at the Department of State, was the National Intelligence Officer for Europe from 1991 to 1995, and was the Director of Policy and Analysis Group for the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Affairs from 1995 to 1997. Dr. George has also served in the U.S. Embassy in Berlin. Prior to teaching at Georgetown, he completed at 3-year teaching assignment at the National War College, acting as the DCI's Faculty Representative.
 

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Natalie J. Goldring  is an Adjunct Professor in the Security Studies Program.  She is an expert on a wide range of international security topics including conventional and nuclear weapons, the international arms trade, non-proliferation, small arms and light weapons, and security issues in Iran, Iraq, and North Korea. She is the immediate past chair of the Board of Directors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, and is a consultant to the United Nations Department of Disarmament Affairs. She also serves on the boards of Women in International Security, the Institute for Defense and Disarmament Studies, and Student Pugwash, as well as the editorial board of the Nonproliferation Review. Before coming to Georgetown, Dr. Goldring was Executive Director of the Program on Global Security and Disarmament at the University of Maryland. Previously, she had worked with non-governmental organizations for more than fifteen years, most recently as Deputy Director of the British American Security Information Council (BASIC), where she was the founding director of BASIC's Project on Light Weapons. She received her Ph.D. in Political Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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John Gordon is a Senior Policy Researcher at RAND Corporation where he is a military affairs specialist who has conducted research on various aspects of military operations. He is also currently an Adjunct Professor of Public Policy at George Mason University. From 1977-1997, during which time he served as a Field Artillery officer in the United States Army along with serving in various command and staff appointments including two tours in the Republic of Korea. The last five years of his service was on the Army Staff in the Pentagon. Dr. Gordon is the author of numerous RAND publications along with several other publications.
 

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Daniel Gouré is a Senior Fellow with the Lexington Institute and also an NBC national security analyst. He spent two years in the U.S. Government as the director of the Office of Strategic Competitiveness in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. He also served as a senior analyst on national security and defense issues with the Center for Naval Analyses, Science Applications International Corporation, SRS Technologies, R&D Associates, and System Planning Corporation. Prior to joining the Lexington Institute, Dr. Goure was the Deputy Director of the International Security Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He has published in over two-dozen journals and periodicals.
 

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Lori Gronich is a member of the Executive Board of Women in International Security (WIIS) and a visiting scholar at the Center for Peace and Security Studies. She has been Director of the Office of Education and the Successor Generations of the Atlantic Council of the United States, as well as a Program Evaluation Specialist in the National Security Education Program, Office of the Secretary of Defense. Dr. Gronich has also been a Visiting Research Fellow at Princeton University, a Research Fellow at the University of Southern California, and a John M. Olin Fellow at Harvard University.
 

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Alan L. Gropman is Distinguished Professor of National Security Policy at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces (ICAF), National Defense University. Previously, he was Chairman of the Department of Grand Strategy and Mobilization of ICAF. From 1986 to 1991, Dr. Gropman was a Senior Principal Analyst and Program Manager for the SYSCON Corporation and an adjunct professor at the National War College. In July 1986, he retired from the U.S. Air Force as a Colonel after 27 years of service. Between 1983 and 1986, he served as Deputy Director of Air Force Plans for Planning Integration at U.S. Air Force Headquarters, where he supervised Air Force long range planning and Air Force basic doctrine and guided the framing of Air Force input into national military strategy documents. From 1981 to 1983, he taught at the National War College and served as Associate Dean of the Faculty. Dr. Gropman is the author of numerous books, monographs, and articles, including Mobilizing U.S. Industry in World War II and The Air Force Integrates, 1945-1964.
 

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Bernard Harborne is a Lead Conflict Specialist (Africa) with the World Bank, where he is the policy/programme lead for conflict-related operations in sub-Saharan Africa. Before joining the World Bank, Mr. Harborne was a Senior Conflict Adviser (Africa) for the Department for International Development in London. He has also worked with the UN as the Head of UN Coordination Unit, OCHA/UNDP Somalia and IDP Officer, UN OCHA, Operation Lifeline Sudan.
 

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Scott Harold  is a Ph.D. candidate from Columbia University specializing in the politics of China. In the course of his doctoral program, he has taught, lectured, and organized panel discussions on issues pertaining to US national security and area studies focusing on East Asia and the Middle East. Mr. Harold is a Fellow in Foreign Policy Research at The Brookings Institution and has spoken on aspects of Chinese foreign economic behavior and grand strategy. During 2003-2004, he was appointed one of three inaugural fellows in the Council on Foreign Relations's Geo-Economic Studies program.
 

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Margaret Daly Hayes is Vice President of Evidence Based Research, Inc, a defense research consulting firm. From November 1997 to March 2004 she served as the first Director of the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) at National Defense University. Dr. Hayes has specialized in U.S.-Latin American political economy and security issues throughout her career. Prior to assuming her position at CHDS, she led studies on U.S.-Latin American Naval and Air Force cooperation with Latin American countries for Evidence Based Research, Inc., and as a visiting fellow at the Center for Naval Analyses. She served as External Relations Advisor of the Inter-American Development Bank from 1987 to 1991. Prior to joining the Bank, she was Director of the Washington Office of the Council of the Americas from 1984 through 1987. She has also served as Senior Western Hemisphere staff person on the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Associate Director of the Center of Brazilian Studies at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, and as Senior Analyst in the Policy Sciences Division at CACI, Inc. Dr. Hayes has also taught at George Mason University. She is the author of many publications, including numerous reports, book chapters, and journal articles.
 

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Lonnie Henley is Deputy National Intelligence Officer for East Asia, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, National Intelligence Council. He currently leads the preparation of National Intelligence Estimates and Intelligence Community products on East Asia. Mr. Henley has also held the position of Senior Analyst for CENTRA Technology, Inc. and held several positions at the Defense Intelligence Agency including Senior Intelligence Expert for Strategic Warning and Defense Intelligence Officer for East Asia and the Pacific. He has also served in the U.S. Army between 1982-1997 during which he achieved the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Mr. Henley has published works for the CNAC/RAND Conference on Mobilization and the PLA along with the CAPS/RAND/Carnegie Endowment International Conference on PLA Affairs.
 

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Jo Husbands is Director of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS). She also served as the Director of the Development, Security, and Cooperation Division in the NAS Office of International Affairs. Previously, she was Director of the Academy's Project on Democratization and a Senior Research Associate for its Committee on International Conflict and Cooperation. Before joining the NAS, Dr. Husbands was Deputy Director of the Committee for National Security, a Washington, DC-based nongovernmental organization. She is a member of the Advisory Board of Women In International Security and a Fellow of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Dr. Husbands has published widely on the topics of arms control, arms transfers, weapons proliferation, and international negotiations.
 

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Edward Ifft , a retired member of the Senior Executive Service, is a Foreign Affairs Officer at the State Department. He has served on the U.S. delegations to the SALT, TTBT, START and CTBT negotiations, was the Senior State Representative to both the START and CTBT negotiations, and served as Deputy U.S. Negotiator to START. Dr. Ifft has served as Deputy Director of the On-Site Inspection Agency and Senior Advisor to the Defense Threat Reduction Agency. He served for three years as Executive Secretary of the U.S.-USSR Space Cooperation Agreement. He was U.S. Commissioner (Acting) for the ABM Treaty for two years. He has authored numerous journal articles and chapters in two books published by the United Nations.


 

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David J. Jhirad is Vice President for Science and Research at the World Resources Institute. He was a Visiting Professor of Science, Technology and International Affairs at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service. Dr. Jhirad has held senior positions within the U.S. Government, including as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Energy for International Energy Policy, Trade, and Investment, and Senior Energy Advisor to the U.S. Agency for International Development. He served for five years as Vice-Chairman of the Governing Board of the International Energy Agency in Paris and as the lead U.S. representative to the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Energy Working Group. Dr. Jhirad was a senior scientist at Brookhaven National Laboratory and a director of the Union of Concerned Scientists, and has taught at Boston University and the University of Massachusetts. He has authored or co-authored more than 80 publications on energy security, climate and development issues.
 

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Dana J. Johnson is a Senior Analyst at the Northrop Grumman Corporation's Analysis Center, where she is responsible for assessing space- and missile-defense-related policies and trends. Prior to joining Northrop Grumman in June 2003, Dr. Johnson was a Political Scientist with the RAND Corporation for nearly 15 years, where she worked on a wide range of studies dealing with different aspects of space policy, programs, and agencies. Her research has focused in particular on space control and anti-satellite policy, the contribution of space systems to theater operations, international space policies and programs, and policy issues pertaining to the U.S. aerospace industrial base and to U.S. remote sensing activities. She is the co-author of Space: Emerging Options for National Power, Space Weapons, Earth Wars, and Policy Issues, and Challenges for Interagency Space System Acquisition and author of Space Roles, Missions, and Functions: The Challenge of Organizational Reform.
 

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Rebecca Johnson  is currently an Assistant Professor at the School of International Service, American University. She is currently researching the contributions of the different faith traditions to just peacemaking. She has recently completed a chapter, Reconstructing the Balkans: The Effects of a Global Governance Approach, in Markus Lederer and Philipp Mullers book entitled, Criticizing Global Governance (Palgrave). Previously, she was the Academic Director for the South Carolina Washington Fellows Program at the University of South Carolina. Dr. Johnsons research and teaching interests include European Foreign Policy, transatlantic security, and peacemaking.
 

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Seth Jones  is an Associate Political Scientist at the RAND Corporation, where he specializes in nation-building operations, counterterrorism, and Middle East security. He has published articles in Security Studies, International Affairs, and Survival, as well as such newspapers and magazines as The New York Times, Newsweek, Chicago Tribune, and Christian Science Monitor. His RAND books include Building a Successful Palestinian State (forthcoming); The UN's Role in Nation-Building: From Congo to Iraq (2004); America's Role in Nation-Building: From Germany to Iraq (2003); and California's Vulnerability to Terrorism: Infrastructure, Cyber and Agricultural Dimensions(2001).
 

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Kimberly Kagan is a Senior Fellow and Adjunct Assistant Professor at the Center for Peace and Security Studies at Georgetown University. Dr. Kagans current research addresses historical empires and contemporary international relations. She has edited The Beginnings of Empires, a collection of new essays that explore the process by which powerful states have become empires. Its chapters discuss Athens, Rome, Britain, Russia, early modern China, and the historical and contemporary United States. The book, which is under contract with Harvard University Press, evaluates whether America is currently an empire or becoming an empire. Dr. Kagans first book, The Eye of Command, was published by the University of Michigan Press in January 2006. It critiques face of battle military history by analyzing the battle narratives of Roman soldier-historians such as Julius Caesar. Her next book, Rome and America: Grand Strategic Lessons for Global Powers is under contract with Encounter Books. It draws useful lessons from Roman history that policy makers can apply to contemporary United States foreign policy. She has also been writing a book exploring the origins, development, and changes in Roman grand strategy from the late second through the fifth centuries A.D., tentatively titled Grand Strategy of the Later Roman Empire. In support of that investigation, she published an article, Redefining Roman Grand Strategy, in The Journal of Military History in April 2006. Dr. Kagan held an Olin Postdoctoral Fellowship in Military History at Yale International Security Studies in 2004-2005 and was a National Security Fellow at Harvards Olin Institute for Strategic Studies in 2002-2003. She served as Assistant Professor of History at the United States Military Academy from 2000-2005 and has subsequently taught at Yale and American University.
 

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Jerome H. Kahan is a Fellow at the Homeland Security Institute. He has more than 35 years of experience in the national security field with government, private, and research organizations. Prior to joining the Homeland Security Initiative, Mr. Kahan was Senior Policy Analyst at Systems Planning and Analysis (SPA), Inc and Director of Regional Studies at the Center for Naval Analysis, a position he accepted after retiring from the Senior Foreign Service with the rank of Minister-Counselor. During his State Department career, Mr. Kahan held positions as member of the Policy Planning Staff, Deputy Director of the Political-Military Bureau, Counselor at the U.S. Embassy in Turkey, and Deputy Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Research. Mr. Kahan also served in the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and the Department of Defense. Between government assignments, Mr. Kahan was a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution, where he authored or co-authored three books and a series of articles on strategic policy and arms control.
 

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Lawrence Korb  is a Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress and a Senior Adviser to the Center for Defense Information. Prior to joining the Center, he was a Senior Fellow and Director of National Security Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations. Dr. Korb has also served as Director of the Center for Public Policy Education and Senior Fellow in the Foreign Policy Studies Program at the Brookings Institution, Dean of the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh, and Vice President of Corporate Operations at the Raytheon Company. Dr. Korb served as Assistant Secretary of Defense (Manpower, Reserve Affairs, Installations and Logistics) from 1981 through 1985. He also served on active duty for four years as Naval Flight Officer, and retired from the Naval Reserve with the rank of Captain. Dr. Korb's recent books include: Future Visions for U.S. Defense Policy, Reshaping America's Military, and A New National Security Strategy in an Age of Terrorists, Tyrants, and Weapons of Mass Destruction.
 

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Steven Kosiak  is the Director of Budget Studies at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments where he performs research and analysis of defense spending trends, force structure and weapons systems costs and the budgetary consequences of arms control measures, among other related defense budget issues. Prior to joining CSBA in 1991, Mr. Kosiak was senior analyst at the Center for Defense Information, with responsibility for researching and writing on a wide variety of defense issues. He has worked on Capitol Hill and in the Office of the Defense Advisor at the U.S. Mission to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. He is the author of CSBA's annual budget analysis and contributes significantly to other publications on defense and security issues.
 

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Robert S. Litwak is Director of the Division of International Studies at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington. Before joining the Woodrow Wilson Center staff in 1983, Dr. Litwak was a Research Associate at the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London and a Fellow at Harvard University's Center for International Affairs and Russian Research Center. Dr. Litwak has held visiting fellowships at the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow, the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, the United States Institute of Peace, and Oxford University. He has also served on the National Security Council staff at the White House as Director for Nonproliferation and Export Controls. Dr. Litwak is the author or editor of eight books, including Security in the Persian Gulf; Nuclear Proliferation after the Cold War, and Rogue States and U.S. Foreign Policy.
 

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Stephanie Loranger  is the Biology Issues Director at the Federation of American Scientists in Washington D.C. Previously, she served as the Deputy Project Manager for the Scientific Consulting Group. She has presented material at a variety of conferences including the 2003 Annual Society of Cell Biology Meeting and the Fifteenth International Summer Symposium on Science and World Affairs. Dr. Loranger has also co-authored articles in publications such as A Journal of Integrative Biology and The Journal of Biological Chemistry.
 

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Catherine Lotrionte  is Counsel to the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board at the White House. Previously, she was Assistant General Counsel with the Office of General Counsel at the Central Intelligence Agency, where she provided legal advice relating to foreign intelligence and counterintelligence activities, international terrorism, narcotics trafficking, organized crime, money laundering, espionage, and security matters. She also has served in the U.S. Department of Justice.
 

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Gale Mattox is Chair of the Political Science Department at the U.S. Naval Academy. She was President of Women In International Security (WIIS) from 1996 to 2003. Dr. Mattox has served on the Policy Planning Staff, U.S. Department of State working on European and nonproliferation issues, including the Task Force on North Korea and the Working Group for Extension of the NPT, as well as a range of European issues. She was a Council on Foreign Relations Fellow at the State Department Office of Strategic and Theater Nuclear Policy, Bureau of European and Canadian Affairs, and she was an international affairs analyst, Congressional Research Service for foreign policy issues. Dr. Mattox is the author of numerous articles on European security architecture, nonproliferation, and Germany, as well as the co-author of Evolving European Defense Policies and NATO Enlargement: The National Debates.
 

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Michael Mazarr is Professor of National Security Strategy at the U.S. National War College. Previously, he was President and Chief Executive Officer of the Henry L. Stimson Center. Dr. Mazarr has been Senior Vice President for Business Trends and Knowledge Sharing at the Electronic Industries Alliance. He worked for over ten years at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, holding various posts including project director and editor of the Washington Quarterly, and also spent two years as legislative assistant and chief writer for Congressman Dave McCurdy. His books include Global Trends 2005, Missile Defenses and Asian-Pacific Security; START and the Future of Deterrence; Toward a Nuclear Peace: The Future of Nuclear Weapons in U.S. Foreign and Defense Policy; North Korea and the Bomb: A Case Study in Nonproliferation; Turning Point: The Gulf War and the Future of Military Strategy (co-editor); Desert Storm: The Gulf War and What We Learned (with Don Snider and James Blackwell); and Light Forces and the Future of U.S. Military Strategy.
 

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T. Lindsay Moore is an Adjunct Professor at the Joint Military Intelligence College and is currently serving as a team leader for BAE Systems under contract to the Defense Intelligence Agency. He served as an All-Source Intelligence Analyst on the Regime Strategic Intent team in the Iraq Survey Group's Strategic Analysis Center where he provided principal author/analyst services for the Comprehensive Report of the Special Advisor to the DCI on Iraq's WMD. Dr. Moore currently has several publications in preparation.
 

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R. Scott Moore is a Senior Policy Analyst and Division Chief at the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, where he directs studies into new concepts related to counterproliferation, terrorism, and national security. As a Marine, he served in conflict and peace operations in the Persian Gulf, Latin America, the Far East, and the Balkans. He served on the faculty of the Political Science Department at the U.S. Naval Academy and recently taught courses in terrorism at George Mason University. Colonel Moore is currently writing his doctoral dissertation in Conflict Analysis and Resolution at George Mason University.

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David Mosher  is a Senior Policy Analyst at the RAND Corporation, specializing in ballistic missile defense and nuclear weapons issues. Prior to joining RAND, he served as a principal analyst in the National Security Division of the Congressional Budget Office. His recent Rand publications include Army Forces for Homeland Security (co-authored); Individual Preparedness and Response to Chemical, Radiological, Nuclear, and Biological Terrorist Attacks (co-authored); and Beyond the Nuclear Shadow: A Phased Approach for Improving Nuclear Safety and U.S.-Russian Relations (co-authored).
 

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Karl Mueller is a political scientist at the RAND Corporation, specializing in air and space strategy and other defense policy issues. From 1994 to 2001, he was Professor of Comparative Military Studies at the U.S. Air Force's School of Advanced Airpower Studies. He has lectured and written on a wide variety of national security topics, including nuclear and conventional deterrence theory, the political implications of space weaponization, military and economic coercion, the Bosnian and Kosovo wars, the moral dimensions of U.S. foreign policy, and the security strategies of small states and middle powers.
 

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Kevin M. O'Connell is Director of the Intelligence Policy Center and a Senior International Policy Analyst at the RAND Corporation. Prior to joining RAND, he was a Senior Staff Officer in the Office of the Director of Central Intelligence, where he coordinated program, policy, and budget issues across the U.S. intelligence community. From 1992 to 1993, he served as a Special Assistant on National Security Affairs to the Vice-President. From 1990 to 1992, he was a Senior Analyst in the White House Situation Room. He is the co-editor of Commercial Observation Satellites: At the Leading Edge of Global Transparency, and the author or co-author of many other reports on intelligence and other national security issues.

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Ivan Oelrich  is Director of the Strategic Security Project at the Federation of American Scientists, where he previously was Senior Research Associate. He was Scientific Advisor with the Advanced Systems and Concepts Office at the Defense Threat Reduction Agency and Research Staff Member with the Institute for Defense Analyses. Dr. Oelrich also served as Senior Analyst with the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment. He has published several articles on the topic of technology and arms control verification in Physical Review and Physical Review Letters.

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Deepa M. Ollapally is Senior Fellow at the Sigur Center for Asian Studies at George Washington University. She is also a Senior Fellow at the Center for the Advanced Study of India at the University of Pennsylvania. Previously, Dr. Ollapally was South Asia Specialist at the U.S. Institute of Peace. She has been Associate Professor of Political Science at Swarthmore College and fellow and head of the International and Strategic Studies Program at the National Institute of Advanced Studies (Bangalore, India). She is a member of the Executive Board of Women In International Security and the author of Confronting Conflict: Domestic Factors and U.S. Policymaking in the Third World, as well as numerous journal articles. Currently, she is working on a book on the geopolitics of terrorism in South Asia.

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Chantal de Jonge Oudraat  is a Senior Fellow and Research Program Coordinator at the Center for Transatlantic Relations, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. She is also Vice President of Women In International Security (WIIS). She was previously a Robert Bosch Foundation Research Scholar at the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies and an Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, DC. From 1994 to 1998 she was Research Affiliate at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. From 1981 to 1994 she was a Senior Research Associate at the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) in Geneva. Dr. de Jonge Oudraat was the founder and editor of the UNIDIR Newsletter (now Disarmament Forum). She is co-editor of Managing Global Issues: Lessons Learned. Other recent publications include articles in Survival, Current History, The Washington Quarterly , and European Journal of International Law.  Dr. de Jonge Oudraat has a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Paris.

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Kenneth Pollack  is Director of Research at the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution, where he focuses on Persian Gulf and Middle Eastern security issues. He has served on the staff of the National Security Council as Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs and as Director for Persian Gulf Affairs. He worked at the Central Intelligence Agency from 1988 until 1995, where he served as a Persian Gulf military analyst and was principal author of the CIA's classified assessment on Iraqi strategy and operations during the 1991 Gulf War. He has also been a Senior Research Professor at the Institute for National Strategic Studies at the National Defense University, Director of National Security Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, and a research fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Dr. Pollack is the author of numerous publications, including The Threatening Storm: The Case for Invading Iraq.

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William Rosenau is a political scientist in the RAND Corporation's Washington Office, where he specializes in the study of political violence, intelligence, and military special operations. He has served as senior policy advisor in the State Department's counter-terrorism office; in the office of the assistant secretary of defense for special operations and low-intensity conflict; and in the National Security Program at Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government. Dr. Rosenau is the author of Insurgency, Subversion, and Public Order: The American Struggle for Internal Security in South Vietnam, 1954-1963 (2005). His RAND publications include Confronting the Enemy Within: Security Intelligence, Police, and Counterterrorism in Four Democracies (2004); and Trends in Outside Support to Insurgent Movements (2001).

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Justine Rosenthal is Director of the Atlantic Monthly Foundation. Previous positions include Research Fellow in Foreign Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution; Director of the Executive Office at the Council on Foreign Relations where she managed the president's office and related task forces on prominent international policy issues; Fellow in the US government where she received a Merit Service Award for her work in intelligence analysis; and Special Assistant to Secretary Robert E. Rubin. As a Luce Scholar and Lecturer, Ms. Rosenthal also spent considerable time in China where she taught courses on international relations theory and post-Cold War security issues to students at the College of Foreign Affairs in Beijing. She has authored several articles and op-eds on international terrorism and nuclear proliferation, and is currently writing a book on state prescriptions for counter-terrorism policies.

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Richard Russell  is a Professor at the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies, National Defense University. He also is a Research Associate at the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service. Dr. Russell served for 17 years as a political-military analyst at the Central Intelligence Agency, where he analyzed security issues in the Middle East and Europe. He has published in the fields of international relations, American foreign policy, strategic studies, intelligence, and Asian, European, and Middle Eastern security. Dr. Russell is the author of George F. Kennan's Strategic Thought: The Making of an American Political Realist.
 

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Michael Scheuer  recently concluded a 22-year career with the CIA in which he served in both the Directorate of Intelligence (DI) and the Directorate of Operations (DO). During his tenure at the CIA, Dr. Scheuer held various positions including Senior Adviser for the Usama Bin Laden Department, Chief of the Southwest/Southeast Asia Counternarcotics Operation, and Chief of the Sunni Militant Unit. Dr. Scheuer is the author of Imperial Hubris. Why the West is Losing the War on Terrorism and Through Our Enemies' Eyes: Osama Bin Laden, Radical Islam, and the Future of the United States, as well as numerous journal articles.

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Richard E. Schroeder retired from the CIA in the fall of 2003 and now acts as consultant to the government on intelligence and national security issues. He was CIA Chair at National Defense University's Industrial College of the Armed Forces. A career Clandestine Service Officer, he has held senior management positions in the CIA Directorates of Operations and Science and Technology, both in Washington and Europe. He also served as Deputy Director of the Center for the Study of Intelligence, CIA, and in the CIA's Office of Congressional Affairs where he was responsible for Directorate of Operations liaison with the intelligence oversight committees. Before joining the CIA Dr. Schroeder was research director in the Louisiana gubernatorial campaign of the late Congressman Gillis W. Long. He is a member of the Board of Advisors of the International Spy Museum, Washington, DC.

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Tammy Schultz is a Fellow at the Center for a New American Security. She is also a researcher and writer for the Center for Strategic Education at John Hopkins University, and a simulation instructor at the Foreign Service Institute. Previously, she was the Acting Director of Research and Policy at the Army War College's Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, and a Foreign Policy Studies Research Fellow at the Brookings Institution.

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Jeremy Shapiro  is a Fellow and Research Director of the Center on the United States and Europe at The Brookings Institution. Previously, he has served as a Political and Defense Analyst for the RAND Corporation, a Research Associate for MIT Industrial Performance Center, and a Defense Analyst for the Science Applications International Corporation. Mr. Shapiro's publications include his most recent book, which he co-authored: Allies at War: America, Europe and the Crisis over Iraq.

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Gary Shiffman is a Senior Fellow at CPASS and Senior Vice President for Global Security at L-3 Communications. Until January 2006, he was the Chief of Staff at U.S. Customs and Border Protection in the Department of Homeland Security. Previously, Dr. Shiffman was Director of Governmental Affairs at a large international law firm and has worked in the U.S. Senate as a national security advisor to Senator Connie Mack. He has also served in staff and advisory roles for the Secretary of Defense and for the Chief of Naval Operations. In the Pentagon, he was a Country Director for Japan for the Secretary of Defense. Dr. Shiffman served two operational tours as a Surface Warfare Officer in the Pacific Fleet including deployments to the Gulf War in 1990-1991.

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Steven Simon  is a Senior Analyst for the RAND Corporation where he specializes in the study of the Middle East and terrorism. Prior to joining RAND, he was the Assistant Director and Carol Deane Senior Fellow for U.S. Security Studies at the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London. From 1994 until 1999, Mr. Simon served as the Senior Director for Transnational Threats on the U.S. National Security Council. During his tenure at the U.S. National Security Council, he also held the position of Director for Global Issues and Multilateral Affairs. Mr. Simon also served 20 years in the U.S. Department of State in a variety of posts including Acting Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs and Director for Political-Military Plans and Policy. He is the co-author of The Age of Sacred Terror and co-editor of Iraq at the Crossroads: State and Society in the Shadow of Regime Change.
 

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Britt Snider wwas formerly the Inspector General of the Central Intelligence Agency and served for a year as Special Counsel to the Director. Prior to this, he was staff director of the Aspin/Brown Commission that assessed the roles and capabilities of U.S. intelligence agencies at the end of the Cold War. From 1986 until 1995, he served as General Counsel of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. Previously, he served as counsel to the Church Committee, which investigated alleged improprieties of intelligence agencies in 1975-76, and he spent almost ten years at the Department of Defense in policy positions relating to intelligence.

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Paul Sullivan  is a professor of economics at the National Defense University and is the lead of the Energy Industry Study along with the North Africa and Levant Regional Security Study. He is also a Research Fellow at the Independent Institute. From 1993 until 1999, Dr. Sullivan taught and researched at the American University in Cairo. His research interests include the politics and economics of post-Saddam Iraq, the economics of energy and development in the Arab world, U.S.-Arab relations and U.S.-Islamic relations. Dr. Sullivan is the author of numerous publications including journal articles and book reviews.

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Robert Sutter is a Visiting Professor in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. Dr. Sutter analyzed Asian and Pacific affairs and U.S. foreign policy for the U.S. government for 33 years. He held a variety of analytical and supervisory positions with the Library of Congress for over 20 years, and he also worked with the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of State, and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Dr. Sutter served for two years as the National Intelligence Officer for East Asia and the Pacific on the National Intelligence Council. He has published 13 books, numerous articles, and several hundred government reports dealing with contemporary East Asian and Pacific countries and their relations with the United States. His most recent book is The United States and East Asia: Dynamics and Implications.

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Richard Van Atta is Senior Research Analyst at the Institute for Defense Analyses. He was an official in the Department of Defense as Special Assistant for Dual Use Technology Policy and as Assistant Deputy Under Secretary for Dual Use and Commercial Programs. He has taught courses in national security policy and analysis at American University's School of International Service and worked in the private sector.

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Barry Watts is a Senior Fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments where he focuses on net assessment, airpower and the emergence of guided munitions, Air Force transformation, and the military use of space. From May 2001 – June 2002, he was the Director of Program Analysis and Evaluation in the Office of the Secretary of Defense at the Defense Department. Mr. Watts has also held the position of Director of Northrop Grumman Analysis Center at Northrop Grumman. He is the author of several CSBA publications among others.

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